Achalasia cardia is a motility disorder of the esophagus causing incomplete relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter with increase in tone and absence of esophageal peristalsis it is also termed as esophageal achalasia cardio spasm and esophageal aperistalsis. Achalasia cardia is one of the common causes of motor dysphagia people with achalasia cardia experience an increasing difficulty in eating solid food and in drinking liquids achalasia cardia symptoms usually worsen over time leading to the person not tolerating most solids and eventually many liquids. Achalasia of the cardia inability of the lower end of the gullet oesophagus to relax because of spasm the cause is unknown there may be regurgitation of food inhalation of swallowed material with pneumonia and severe loss of weight the condition is sometimes complicated by cancer of the oesophagus also known as cardiospasm. Achalasia occurs when nerves in the esophagus become damaged as a result the esophagus becomes paralyzed and dilated over time and eventually loses the ability to squeeze food down into the stomach food then collects in the esophagus sometimes fermenting and washing back up into the mouth which can taste bitter
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